Like other Afzelia spp., the wood of Afzelia africana is characterized by an excellent stability with little susceptibility to variations in humidity. Afzelia africana is a medium to large deciduous tree up to 40 m high. It is mostly used for its high-grade timber but has good potential to provide. Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d’Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau;.
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Afzelia africana [ Fabaceae ]. Afzelia africana is a medium to large deciduous tree up to 40 m high. It is mostly used for its high-grade timber but has good potential to provide fodder for livestock and food.
Afzelia africana is a multipurpose tree suitable for use in agroforestry systems. Afzelia africana can grow to m in height in forests and to m in savannah Orwa et al. It is taprooted but also develops secondary roots that explore the first centimetres of the soil Bationo et al. The bark is 2 cm thick, scaly, very aromatic, grey to dark brown in colour. The crown is large, spreading. The branches are tortuous, more or less upright, branchlets are glabrous with lenticels.
The leaves are alternate, petiolated, paripinnate, up to 30 cm long with pairs of leaflets. The leaflets are opposite, elliptic to ovate-elliptic in shape, cm long x The inflorescence is a terminal or axillary panicle, cm long. The flowers are sweet scented, white to yellowish, zygomorphous bearing 5 petals among which one is 1.
Afzelia africana flowers in the rainy season. The fruit requires 6 months to ripen.
Afzelia africana African Mahogany PFAF Plant Database
It is an oblong, straight flattened, dehiscent pod, cm long x cm broad, brown to black in colour. Pods can remain on the tree 6 months after ripening. Afzelia africana is considered to be one ot the most important woody fodder plant in many parts of Africa. Afzelia africana leaves, fruits and seeds are browsed by wildlife animals, many parts of the tree are edible.
The leaves can be cooked and used as vegetables while young leaves are mixed with ground cereals before cooking. The flowers are used as condiment in sauces and the seed aril is reported to be sweet. The seed is used as a thickening agent for soup in South-Eastern parts of Nigeria though it is also reported to have some toxicity Igwenyi et al.
Afzelia africana – Wikipedia
The coproduct of oil extraction is a azfelia cake that can be fed to livestock. However, Afzelia africana is mainly used for its heavy wood which is light brown to red brown in colour, durable, termite-proof, and of high quality dimensional stability and durability. It does not require treatment prior to usage in permanent humid conditions or in places where insects are abundant.
This species has been considered vulnerable due to the pressure put by wood exploitation IUCN, A fzelia africana is found in wooded savannah and dense dry forests or dense more semi deciduous forest in moister areas. It can grow in depressions prone to regular flooding but also on steep slopes on a wide variety of soils ranging from sandy to ferralitic as well as calcareous ones.
Afzelia african a has poor regeneration rate because of fires, and of predation of seedlings by animals. They should be sown no deeper than 2 cm with hilum facing downwards. To prevent predation and fires, the seeds can be sown in nurseries either in pots or in holes 40 cm in diameter and 40 cm depth. After germination, the seedlings should be planted after months and the young trees should be protected against browsing animals and fires for years.
Afzelia african a is a quick growing tree, its diameter increases by 1. Afzelia Africana provides shade and shelter to hunters that wait for wildlife. It can be browsed, distributed as a supplement or as a sole feed to ruminants and enables satisfying performances for animals.
Similarly, its abundance in the Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso makes this species one of the most frequently used by cattle during the hot dry season. In a cafeteria trial with several browse tree species, Afzelia africana was the most preferred foliage by goats, in relation with its highest CP content and lowest phytate content and extremely low condensed tannins content Okunade et al. There is no literature available on the use of Afzelia africana by camels as of December Litterature about the use of afzelia africana seeds for poultry is extremely scarce.
Whole afzelia seedmeal could be fed to broilers starters and finishers as a source of protein. The results in terms of body weight gain, and feed intake were hindered by the use of afzelia seed meal.
This was not true for finishers Ayanwale et al. Afzelia africana leaves are largely used to feed ruminants cattle, sheep and goats in the Sahelian and other semi-dry parts of Africqna see Ruminants section.
But curiously no information seems available in the international literature October on their utilisation in rabbit feeding. Nevertheless direct experiments would be welcome. Moreover in most conditions the leaves are available during the dry season when other forages are rare Ikhimioya et al, Literature on the use of Afzelia africana seeds in rabbit feeding is very scarce: They can be effectively included in growing rabbit diets.
This result is statistically significant, but the improvement is of questionable economic interest.
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Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. Datasheet Description Click on the “Nutritional aspects” tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans. Morphology Afzelia africana afzdlia grow to m in height in forests and to m in savannah Orwa et al. Uses Afzelia africana is considered to be one ot the faricana important woody fodder plant in many parts of Africa.
Shade provider, living barrier Afzelia Africana afrixana shade and shelter to hunters that wait for wildlife. Goat In a cafeteria trial with several browse tree species, Afzelia africana was the most preferred foliage by goats, in relation with its highest CP content and lowest phytate content and extremely low condensed tannins content Okunade et al.
Camels There is no literature available on the use of Afzelia africana by camels afaelia of December Seeds Litterature about the use of afzelia africana seeds for poultry is extremely scarce. Leaves Afzelia africana leaves are largely used to feed ruminants cattle, sheep and goats in the Sahelian and other semi-dry parts of Africa see Ruminants section.
Seeds Literature on the use of Afzelia africana seeds in rabbit feeding is very scarce: Tables of chemical xfricana and nutritional value.
Effect of raw and roasted wild Afzelia africana seed meal based diets on broiler chickens. Nutritional composition of Afzelia africana. Characterisation of Afzelia africana Sm.
On a species complex, Afzelia, in African forests of economic and ecological azfelia. Physico-chemical and toxicological studies on Afzelia africana seed and oil.
Guide for community animal health workers: Raising rabbits and guinea pigs cavies for meat in smallholder environments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Analysis of four seeds used as soup thickeners in the South Eastern part of Nigeria. Effect of browse plant foliage supplementation on the performance of buckling goats fed threshed sorghum top basal diet. Trop Anim Health Prod. Trees, Zimbabwe, July Madubuike, F. Proximate composition, energy content and physiochemical properties of Afzelia africana afzelua Brachystegia eurycoma seeds.
Plant foods for human nutrition 46 4: Fodder potential and acceptability of selected tree leaves by goats.
Fodder value of three browse forage species for growing goats. Afzelia africana Smith ex Persoon dans le Nord-Cameroun. Etat actuel des peuplements et utilisation avricana. Behaviour of goats, sheep and cattle on natural pasture in the sub-humid zone of West Africa. Important characteristics of some browse species in an agrosilvopastoral system in West Africa. Intake and digestibility in sheep and chemical composition during different seasons of some West African browse species.
Effect of feeding some West African browse foliages on growth and carcass composition in sheep. Dendrometric characteristics as indicators of pressure of Afzeliz africana Sm. Traditional ecological knowledge underlying herding decisions of pastoralists. Performance of growing rabbits fed diets containing raw, roasted and re-roasted Afzelia Africana seed meal.
Council, Abuja, Nigeria, p. Contribution of browse to ruminant nutrition across three agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso. Engineering, AugustKyoto, Japan. Trees, Zimbabwe, July Onana, J; Devineau, J-L.
World Agroforestry Centre, Aczelia.