Русский: БелАЗ на Бачатском угольном разрезе, Кемеровская область . Date, 10 May , Category:BelAZ Top 10 Largest Mining Dump Trucks: #8 -Belaz The biggest of dump trucks involved in the work is “BelAZ ”, which capacity is tons, gross weight – tons. “BelAZ ” is the.
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The BelAZ is a series of off- highwayultra class haul trucks developed 756000 manufactured in Belarus by OJSC “Belarusian Autoworks” specifically for transportation of loosened rocks on technological haul roads at open-pit mining sites worldwide under different climatic conditions.
The trucks have a diesel-electric transmission. Car classification — Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for innumerable purposes including regulation, description and categorization, among others.
This article details commonly used classification schemes in use worldwide, vehicles eblaz be categorized in numerous ways. Regulatory agencies may also establish a vehicle classification system for determining a tax amount, in the United Kingdom, 755600 vehicle is taxed according to the vehicles construction, engine, weight, type of fuel and emissions, as well as the purpose for which it is used.
Other jurisdictions may determine vehicle tax based upon environmental principles, velaz as the user pays principle, another standard for road vehicles of all types that is used internationally, is ISO In the United States, since the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety uses a scheme it has developed that takes into account a combination of both shadow and weight. The United Bleaz Federal Highway Administration has developed a scheme used for automatically calculating road use tolls.
There are two categories depending on whether the vehicle carries passengers or commodities. Vehicles that carry commodities are further subdivided by number of axles and number of units, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has developed a classification scheme used to compare fuel economy among similar vehicles.
Passenger vehicles are classified based on a total interior passenger. Trucks are classified based upon their gross vehicle weight rating, heavy duty vehicles are not included within the EPA scheme.
This is a table listing several different methods of vehicle classification. Straddling the boundary between car and motorbike, these vehicles have engines under 1. Some microcars are three-wheelers, while the majority have four wheels, microcars were popular in post-war Europe, where their appearance led them to be called Bubble cars.
More recent microcars are often electric powered, the size of ultracompact cars will be less than minicars, but have engine greater than 50cc displacement and able to transport 1 or 2 persons. Ultracompact cars cannot use standard, because of strict safety standards for minicars. The regulation about bflaz capacity and safety performance of cars will be published in early autumn. Today, there are smaller than ultracompact cars, called category-1 motorized vehicles which it has 50cc displacement or less.
Highway — A highway is any public road or other public way on blaz. It is used for roads, but also includes other public roads and public tracks, It is not an equivalent term to controlled-access highway, or a translation for autobahn, autoroute. In North American and Australian English, major such as controlled-access highways or arterial roads are often state highways.
Other roads may be designated county highways in the US and Ontario and beoaz classifications refer to the level of government that maintains the roadway. In British English, highway is primarily a legal term, everyday use normally implies roads, while the legal use covers any route or path with a public right of access, including footpaths etc. The term has led to several related derived terms, including highway system, highway code, highway patrol, the term highway exists in distinction to waterway.
Major highways are named and numbered by the governments that typically develop. Australias Highway 1 is the longest national highway in the world at over 14, km or 9, mi, China has the worlds largest network of highways followed closely by the United States of America. Some highways, like the Pan-American Highway or the European routes, some major highway routes include ferry services, such as U.
Route 10, which crosses Lake Michigan. Traditionally highways were used by people on foot or on horses, later they also brlaz carriages, bicycles and eventually motor cars, facilitated by advancements in road construction.
In the s and s, many nations began investing heavily in progressively more modern highway systems to spur commerce and these features are typically present on highways built as motorways. The general legal definition deals with right of use nelaz the form of construction, the status of highway on most older roads has been gained by established public use while newer roads are typically dedicated as highways from the time they are adopted.
The core definition of a highway is modified in various legislation for a number of purposes, scots law is similar to English law with regard to highways but with differing terminology and legislation. What is defined in England as a highway will often in Scotland be what is defined by s, Highways generally have a route number designated by the state and federal departments of transportation.
Smaller roads may be termed byways, modern highway systems developed in the 20th century as the automobile gained popularity. Belarus — Its capital and most populous city is Minsk. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, Belarus declared independence as the Belarusian 75600 Republic, the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia became a founding constituent republic of the Soviet Union in and was renamed as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland after the Polish—Soviet War of —, during WWII, military operations devastated Belarus, which lost about a third of its population and more than half of its economic resources.
The parliament of the declared the sovereignty of Belarus on 27 July Alexander Lukashenko has served as the president since Belarus has been labeled Europes last dictatorship by some Western journalists, Lukashenko continued a number of Soviet-era policies, such as state ownership of large sections of the economy. Though not directly espousing communism like the five remaining communist countries of China, Cuba, Laos, Vietnam and North Korea, in Belarus and Russia signed a treaty for greater cooperation, with some hints of forming a Union State.
Since a referendum inthe country has had two official languages, Belarusian and Russian, the Constitution of Belarus does not declare any official religion, although the primary religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
Belarus is the only European country to retain capital punishment in both law and practice, the name Belarus is closely related with the term Belaya Rus, i. There are several claims to the origin of the name White Rus, an alternate explanation for the name comments on the white clothing worn by the local Slavic population.
A third theory suggests that the old Rus lands that were not conquered by the Tatars had been referred to as white, other sources claim that, beforethe land not conquered by the Mongols was considered White Rus.
The name Rus is often conflated with its Latin forms Russia and Ruthenia, in some languages, including German and Dutch, the country is generally called White Russia to this day.
During the 17th century, the Russian tsars used White Rus to describe the lands added from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. BelAZ — The factory opened its door in and has produced overvehicles for use in the Soviet Union. BELAZ is a site for one of the largest Commonwealth of Independent States investment project, the factory finalized two of the three scheduled phases of the technical re-equipment and upgrades. Mining — Mining is extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposits.
These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner, ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water.
Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre-historic times, Mining operations usually create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed.
Hence, most of the nations have passed regulations to decrease the impact. Work safety has long been a concern as well, and modern practices have significantly improved safety in mines, levels of metals recycling are generally low. Unless future end-of-life recycling rates are stepped up, some rare metals may become unavailable for use in a variety of consumer products, due to the low recycling rates, some landfills now contain higher concentrations of metal than mines themselves.
Since the beginning of civilization, people have used stone, ceramics and, later and these were used to make early tools and weapons, for example, high quality flint found in northern France, southern England and Poland was used to create flint tools.
Flint mines have been found in areas where seams of the stone were followed underground by shafts. The mines at Grimes Graves and Krzemionki are especially famous, other hard rocks mined or collected for axes included the greenstone of the Langdale axe industry based in the English Lake District. The oldest-known mine on archaeological record is the Lion Cave in Swaziland, at this site Paleolithic humans mined hematite to make the red pigment ochre. Mines of an age in Hungary are believed to be sites where Neanderthals may have mined flint for weapons.
Ancient Egyptians mined malachite at Maadi, at first, Egyptians used the bright green malachite stones for ornamentations and pottery. Later, between and BC, large building projects required expeditions abroad to the area of Wadi Maghareh in order to secure minerals and other resources not available in Egypt itself. Mining in Egypt occurred in the earliest dynasties, the gold mines of Nubia were among the largest and most extensive of any in Ancient Egypt.
These mines are described by the Greek author Diodorus Siculus, who mentions fire-setting as one used to break down the hard rock holding the gold. One of the complexes is shown in one of the earliest known maps, the miners crushed the ore and ground it to a fine powder before washing the powder for the gold dust. Traditionally one of the Big Three Chinese automakers, Dongfeng is currently in the top four in terms of output along with Changan Motors, FAW Group, in addition to commercial and consumer vehicles, it also manufactures parts and cooperates with foreign companies.
Other brand names associated with Dongfeng include Fengshen, Infiniti, Luxgen, heavy-duty commercial vehicles and buses are sold under the eponymous Dongfeng brand although c. The company was the second-largest Chinese vehicle maker in by production volume manufacturing over 3. Some sources may refer to the company as Dong Feng, use an acronym like DFM, or use the name in conjunction with others when referring to a subsidiary, joint venture, or other associated enterprise.
Post, further reforms took place that allowed Dongfeng greater autonomy, by the mids, its assets had tripled from those initially given to it by the state inand management was desirous of even greater production capacity. But inthe company was experiencing financial difficulties as was the case with many Chinese automobile manufacturers at this time, the situation was still dire in precipitating a restructuring of the company.
This state owned enterprise has come into conflict with authority at both the national and provincial levels, the Chinese partner in many Sino-foreign joint venture companies, Dongfeng initiated most of these cooperative efforts with foreign firms in the early s. ByDongfeng had established joint ventures with Kia Motors, Honda, as ofit had more Sino-foreign joint ventures than any other Chinese automaker, and the creation of a partnership with French Renault means it retains this title today.
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Init sold 1. Inthe company sold 2. On 23 Marchhe founded the new company, Luftfahrzeug-Motorenbau GmbH, a few years later the company was renamed to Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH, which originally developed and manufactured diesel and petrol engines for Zeppelins, and then railcars. IVa was used in aircraft and airships of World War I, the company first built an experimental car inwith belzz first production model introduced two years later at the Berlin Motor Show.
Between andthe company produced various classic opulent vehicles, the company also continued to build heavy duty diesel engines for marine and rail purposes.
During the Second World War, Maybach produced the engines for Germanys medium, the company was renamed MTU Friedrichshafen in the s and continued to supply the engines helaz the Leopard 2 main battle tank.
In the same introduction of the new Seriesrounding off the performance range at the lower end of the product portfolio. PPGs engineers worked closely with the builders to develop a system that meets weight goals and provides bealz installation, city of Portland Fire boats – Pacific Power Group provided a complete propulsion power solution.
Beaz truck — Haul trucks are off-highway, rigid dump trucks specifically engineered for use in high-production mining and heavy-duty construction environments. Haul truck capacities range from 40 short tons to short tons, large quarry-sized trucks range from 40 to tons. The largest, highest-payload-capacity haul trucks are referred to as ultra class trucks, the ultra class includes all belza trucks with a payload capacity of short tons or greater.
As of Octoberthe BelAZ has the highest payload capacity, metric tons. Transmission mechanics 75600 A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power. Often the term refers simply to the gearbox that uses gears and gear trains to provide speed. In British English, the term refers to the whole drivetrain, including clutch, gearbox, prop shaft, differential.
In American English, however, the term more specifically to the gearbox alone. The most common use is in vehicles, where the transmission adapts the output of the internal combustion bslaz to the drive wheels. Such engines need to operate at a high rotational speed, which is inappropriate for starting, stopping.
The transmission reduces the engine speed to the slower wheel speed. Transmissions are also used on bicycles, fixed machines. Often, a transmission has multiple gear ratios with the ability to switch between them as speed varies and this switching may be done manually or automatically.
Directional control may also be provided, single-ratio transmissions also exist, which simply change the speed and torque of motor output.
The output of the transmission is transmitted via the driveshaft to one or more differentials, while a differential may also provide gear gelaz, its primary purpose is to permit the wheels at either end of an axle to rotate at different speeds as it changes the direction of rotation.
Alternative mechanisms include torque converters and power transformation, automatic transmissions use a valve body to shift gears using fluid pressures in conjunction with an ecm.