Udham Singh – A short Biographical Sketch. Udham Singh was one of the great patriots of India, with a burning desire to see his motherland free from the. Udham Singh, a revolutionary nationalist, was born Sher Singh on 26 December , at Sunam, in the then princely state of Patiala. His father, Tahal Singh. Udham Singh born as Sher Singh was an Indian Revolutionary famous for assassinating Sir Michael O’Dwyer.

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Udham Singh was an Indian revolutionary and freedom fighter. The carnage that Udham Singh witnessed left him deeply shocked and resentful, and it was only two decades later that he was able to avenge the deaths of hundreds of his innocent countrymen.

For this singular act of bravery, Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh, as he is also popularly referred to, became famous in India and abroad. His father, Tahal Singh Kamboj, was then employed as a watchman at a railway crossing in Upali, another village in the neighbourhood. Sher Singh and his elder brother, Mukta Singh, lost their parents at an bioraphy age; their mother died inand their father followed inleaving the two brothers with no option but to seek admittance to the Central Khalsa Biogrxphy at Putlighar in Amritsar on 24 October At the orphanage, they were initiated into Sikhism and consequently received new names; Sher Singh became Udham Singh while his brother took on the name of Sadhu Singh.

Tragically, Sadhu Singh also died just a decade later inleaving the year-old Udham all alone in the world.

Udham Singh – A Biographical Sketch

InUdham Singh passed his matriculation examination and left the orphanage for good the next year. At that time, there was intense political turmoil in Punjab and young Udham was no stranger to the many upheavals taking place all around him. Sunday, 13 April was the day of Baisakhi—a major Punjabi festival to celebrate the arrival of the New Year—and thousands of people from neighbouring villages had congregated in Amritsar for the usual festivities and fun fairs. After the closure of the cattle fair, many people started gathering together at Jallianwala Bagh a public garden of acres that was walled on all the sides.

Fearing that a major insurrection could take place at any time, Colonel Reginald Dyer had earlier banned all meetings, however, it was very unlikely that the general public knew of the ban. Upon hearing of the gathering at Jallianwala Bagh, Colonel Dyer marched with his troops, sealed off the exits, and ordered his men to fire indiscriminately at the men, women, and children.


The Udham Singh story

In the ten minutes of insanity biograpyy the ammunition got exhausted, there was complete mayhem and carnage. According to official British Indian sources, people died and 1, were wounded, however, the Indian National Congress estimated the deaths to be over with 1, wounded. Initially, hailed as a hero by the conservatives in the British Empire, the British House of Commons, horrified with the brutality of the attack severely censured and disciplined Harry Dyer by removing from his appointment, passing over his promotion, and barring him from further employment in India.

On that fateful day, Udham Singh was serving drinking water to the congregation of people who had gathered together at Jallianwalla Bagh from the neighbouring villages for the Baisakhi festivities.

The shocking massacre of innocent people left the young and impressionable Udham Singh full of hatred for the British and from that day he would only think of ways of exacting retribution for this crime against humanity. Deeply scarred by the Jallianwala massacre and full of anger against the British, Udham Udhm soon got involved in the freedom struggle that was then unfolding both in India and in foreign countries. For some time, he even worked as a toolmaker at the factory of Ford in Detroit.

While in San Francisco, he met up with the members of the Ghadar Party, which comprised of immigrant Punjabi-Sikhs who were conducting a revolutionary movement from the USA to free India from the tyrannical British rule.

For the next few years, he travelled all over America to garner support for their activities assuming a number of aliases like Sher Singh, Ude Singh, and Frank Brazil.

Infollowing the instructions of Bhagat Udhsm, he returned to India. Back in Punjab, he devoted himself to publishing the Ghadr-di-Gunj, the radical sinhh of Ghadar Party. He was arrested on this charge and for illegal possession of arms and sentenced to imprisonment for five years. However, he was released on 23 October after spending four years in jail. Saunders, a British policeman, in Udham Singh returned to his village but boography himself under constant watch by the British police as he was known to have a very close association with Hindustan Socialist Republican Association established by Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries.

He travelled to Kashmir and then escaped to Germany after duping the police. From there he successively travelled to Italy, France, Switzerland, and Austria before reaching England in While in London, he worked in various capacities like a carpenter, signboard painter, motor mechanic, and even as an extra in a couple of Alexander Korda films.


He managed to buy a revolver in a pub from a soldier, concealed it in the pocket of his jacket and gained entry to the hall.

As the meeting came to a close, he approached the platform and unleashed a volley of shots. After the shooting, Udham Singh remained calm and did not try to flee or resist arrest and was taken into custody by the police. It is said that Singh chose a public place for his assassination attempt so that he could create a furore and draw attention to the atrocities that the British had carried out in India.

Not a cooperative prisoner, he went on a hunger strike that went on for 42 days compelling the prison authorities to forcibly feed him.

He was represented by legal luminaries like St. John Hutchinson and V. He further said that he had been seeking vengeance for 21 years and he was happy that he had finally managed to achieve his goal. He also expressed surprise that he failed to kill Zetland who deserved to die. He seemed to regret that he had managed to kill only one person.

As was expected, Singh was convicted of murder and awarded a death sentence. After he was convicted he made an impassioned speech which, however, was not allowed to be released to the press by the judge on the ground that it was not pertinent to the case.

At the trial, Udham had given his name as Mohammad Singh Azad, the same name he had used to gain entry to England in The name was also tattooed on his arm as a symbol of the unity of all religions against the British oppression. Subsequently, Udham Singh was cremated according to Sikh rites at Sunam, his birthplace, and his ashes were immersed in the waters of the River Sutlej.

Forgotten Hero: The Untold Story of The Freedom Fighter Who Avenged the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

A part of the ashes was retained and are now kept in a sealed urn at Jallianwala Bagh. By using this site, you agree to allow cookies to be placed. Privacy Policy Manage Cookies.