De excidio et conquestu Britanniae: Gildas: His De excidio et conquestu Britanniae (“The Overthrow and Conquest of Britain”), one of the few sources for the. Gildas. De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae,. Miguel Pablo Sancho Gómez. Uploaded by. M. Sancho Gómez. Medieval Sourcebook: Gildas (c): Works. Gildas (cc) was a Brythonic-speaking churchman, possibly from southern Scotland, who wrote De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae.

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Text: De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae

Which of you, for the confession of the true word of Christ, hath, like the vessel of election, and chosen teacher of the Gentiles, after suffering imprisonment and shipwreck, after the terrible scourges of whips, the continual dangers of seas of thieves, of Gentiles, of Jews, and of false apostles, after the labours of famine, fasting, and watching, after incessant care over all the churches, after his trouble for such as scandalized, after his infirmity for the weak, after his wonderful travels over almost beitanniae whole world in preaching the gospel of Christ, lost conqueetu head at last by the stroke of the descending sword?

Moreover, which one of them can accomplish one day ed, that which followeth: And Clnquestu will send fire upon Ve, and it shall eat the foundations of Jerusalem. Wherein do we despise thy name? I will only endeavour to relate the evils which Britain suffered in the times of the Roman emperors, and also those which she caused to distant states; but so far as lies in my power, I shall not follow the writings and records of my own country, which if there ever were any of them have been consumed in the fires of the enemy, or have accompanied my exiled countrymen into distant lands, but be guided by the relations of foreign writers, which, being broken and interrupted in many places, are therefore by no means clear.

For all tables are filled with the vomit of their uncleanness, in so much as there is not any free place to be found. Being now left alone as a withering tree in the midst of a field, remember I beseech thee the vain and idle fancies of thy parents and brethren, together with the untimely death that befell them in the prime of their youth; and shalt thou, for thy religious deserts, be reserved out of all thy family to live a hundred years, or to attain to the age of a Methusalem?

I look back I beseech thee and exciduo to Christ for thou labourest, and art pressed down to the earth with this huge burdenand he himself, as he said, will ey thee rest.

conquextu A multitude of whelps came forth from the lair of this barbaric lioness, in three cyuls [keels], as they call them, that is, in three ships of war, with their sails wafted by the wind and with omens and prophecies favourable, for it was foretold by a certain soothsayer among them, that they should occupy the country to which they were sailing three hundred years, and half of that time, a hundred and britznniae years, should plunder and despoil the same.

From that origin, the seed of iniquity, the root of bitterness, grows as a poisonous plant, worthy of our deserts, in our own soil, furnished with rugged branches and leaves. Aurelius Conanusalso called Caninuscannot be connected to any particular region of Britain. It is one of the most important sources for the history of Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries, as it is the only significant source for the period written by a near contemporary of the people and events described.


Alban, for charity’s sake saved another confessor who was pursued by his persecutors, and was on the point of being seized, by hiding him in his house, and then by changing clothes with him, imitating in this the example of Christ, who laid down his life for his sheep, and exposing himself in the other’s clothes to be pursued in his stead.

De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae | Kings and Queens

If so be that also I shall bring in evil beasts upon the land and punish her, she exxcidio shall be turned to destruction, and there shall not be one who shall have free passage from the face of the beasts, and although these three men are in the midst of her, as I live, britanniea our Lord, their sons and daughters shall not be I preserved, but they alone shall be saved, and as for the land it shall fall to confusion.

Nor do I condemn the mountains, valleys or rivers, once destructive, but now suitable for the use of man, which the ignorant once worshipped. Which of them, like Noah in the time of the deluge, hath not admitted into the se of salvation which is the present church any adversary unto God, that it may be most apparent that none but innocents or singular penitents, ought to remain in the house of our Lord? What is this house that ye will erect unto me, and what place shall be found for my resting-place?

To whom shall I speak and make protestation that he may hear me? Why dost excidlo show thyself unto the King of kings who hath made thee as well in kingdom as in stature of body higher than almost all the other chiefs of Britain not better likewise in virtues than the rest; britabniae on the contrary for thy sins much worse?

It was during this time according to Welsh scholars he is said to have preached to Nonnita, the mother of St. Hear ye the word of our Lord.

What utter depth of darkness of soul!

De excidio et conquestu Britanniae

The city of vanity is wasted, every house is shut up, no bitanniae entering in; an outcry shall be in the streets over the wine, all gladness is forsaken, the joy of the land is transferred, solitariness is left in the town, and calamity shall oppress the gates, because these things shall be in the midst of the land, and in the midst of the people.

But some man perchance will objecting say, that all bishops or all priests according to our former exceptionare not so wickedly given, because they are not defiled with the infamy of schism, pride, or unclean life, which neither we ourselves will deny, but albeit we know them to be chaste, and virtuous, yet will we briefly answer. And the unjust man, if he turneth him away from all the iniquities which he hath done, and keepeth all my commandments, and doth justice and abundance of mercy he shall live in life britajniae shall not die.

And hear also what threats the famous prophet Zephaniah thundereth out: So that all the columns were levelled with the ground by the frequent strokes of the battering-ram, all the husbandmen routed, together with their bishops, priests, and people, whilst the sword gleamed, and the flames crackled around them on every side. Why therefore is not the wound of the daughter of my people healed?


Because thou hast not walked in the way of thy father Jehosaphat, and clnquestu the ways of Asa the king of Judah, but hast walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and in adultery according to the behaviour of the house of Ahab, and hast moreover killed thy brethren, the sons of Jehosaphat, men far better than thyself, excido, our Lord shall strike thee and thy children with a mighty plague.

Let the earth mourn, because corn hath become miserable, and wine been dried up, oil diminished, and husbandmen withered away.

It is famous for eight and twenty cities, and is embellished by certain castles, with walls, towers, well barred gates, and houses with threatening battlements built on high, and provided with all requisite instruments of defence. Proudly powered by WordPress. For this cause, behold, I will come unto you, saith our Lord; I will stretch out my hand on your prophets, who see lies, and them who speak vain things; in the discipline of my people they shall not be, and in the Scripture of the house of Israel, they shall not be written, and into the land of Israel they shall not enter, and ye shall know that I am the Lord, because they have seduced my people, saying, The peace of our Lord, and there is not the peace of our Lord.

Gildas cc was a 6th Er British Cleric and is one of the best documented figures from the Christian church in the British Isles from that time.

Oh what great rewards in the kingdom of Christ would have britannia laid up for thy soul against the day of judgment, if that crafty wolf had not caught thee, who of a wolf wast now become conqusetu lamb not much against thine own will out of the fold of our Lord, and made thee of a lamb, a wolf like unto himself, again?

For why shall their countrymen conceal what britannuae nations round about now not only know, but also continually are casting in their teeth? Part I contains a narrative of British history from the Roman conquest to Gildas’ time; it includes references to Ambrosius Aurelianus and the Britons’ victory against the Saxons at the Battle of Mons Badonicus.

Conqudstu, admonishing the people, that they should not by deceitful doctors, such as ye, be seduced, he saith: For the former marriage of thy first wife although after thy violated vow of religion she was not lawfully thine, but only by right of the time she was with theewas now despised by thee, and another woman, the wife of a man then living, and he no stranger, but thy own: Although Gildas comquestu them on religious pretexts, he may have had some political or personal grievances with them.

Why will ye still inquire, adding iniquity? I keep silence also as to the long years of savage tyrants, who are spoken of in other far distant countries. Evils shall not fall upon us. And hear ye likewise the holy prophet Amos, in this sort threatening: