), author of ‘Abaqat al-Anwar fi Imamat al-A’immat al-Athar, . The arrival of Ha’iri in Qum not only brought about a revival of its madrasas but also began a. Thirteenth Hadith: Trust In God ( Tawakkul). بِالسَّنَدِ المُتَّصِلِ إِلَى الشَّيْخِ الجَلِيلِ. Imam Khomeini’s selection and exposition of forty ahadith that range over a broad area of Islamic philosophy, Islamic ideology, Islamic ethics, metaphysics and.
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forty hadith | Muslim Congress | Unity with Identity
And whoever puts his trust in God, then God suffices him Of them one is that you should put your trust in God in all your affairs, being well-pleased with whatever God does to you, knowing for certain that he does not cease in His goodness and grace towards you, and that the command therein rests with Him.
So put your trust in God, leaving that to Him and relying upon Him in regard to that and everything other than that. Halal, with a shaddah on the lammeans the seller of hill, oil. Tawakkul, is something other than tafwid; and the two are different from rida and wuthuq, as will be explained later on. We will now explain this noble tradition in a number of sections:.
Know, that closely related meanings have been ascribed to tawakkul by the various definitions proposed by different schools, each according to its own approach. Tawakkul means entrusting all miam matters to their Master and relying upon His trusteeship. Tawakkul means throwing the body down as in prostration in servitude to God and attaching the heart to His Lordship.
Some others have said:. Tawakkul upon God means the severance by the servant of all hopes and expectations from the creatures and attaching, them to God. The meanings mentioned are. However, that which should be mentioned is that tawakkul has various degrees in accordance with the stations of the devotees. We shall not discuss the theoretical aspect of this issue, for it calls for an examination of questions related to free will and predestination, which is not suitable for these pages.
Immam are very different in regard to the knowledge of the Lordship of the Sacred Essence. The commoners among the monotheists consider God Almighty the Creator of the general essences of things and their elements and substances; but they do not believe in the all-embracing Lordship of God, and consider His authority over things as limited.
As a matter of verbal habit they may often declare that God decrees all matters and has power over all things, that nothing can come into existence without His sacred Will. Yet, their actual station is not at a par with their verbal profession, neither in respect of dorty, nor faith, neither experience nor conviction. Hence they do not occupy the station of tawakkul, which is our concern here, except on the level of mere verbal claim.
Accordingly, they do not rely in their worldly affairs on anything except the superficial causes and material factors. If sometimes they turn their attention to God and beseech something of Him, that is either on account of imitation or for reasons of caution; since not only they see no harm in it but allow a possibility of benefit.
Thus there is a scent of tawakkul in them, although whenever they deem the apparent causal factors as favorable they totally forget God and His efficacy. Now that which is staid regarding tawakkul, that it is not opposed to action and effort is quite right and in accordance with reason as well as revelation.
Although this kind of people is devoid of tawakkul in respect to their worldly kbomeini, they make vigorous claims of tawakkul when it comes to the matters of the Hereafter. They justify their sluggishness and neglect in the matters of acquisition of transcendental knowledge, spiritual development and fulfillment of moral and devotional duties by easy professions of reliance on God forth tawakkul on His beneficence. For this sort has tawakkul on God neither in the matters of the world nor in the affairs of the Hereafter.
But since they consider worldly matters as paramount, they put their reliance on material causes, not relying on God and His efficacy.
On the other hand, since the affairs of the Hereafter are not important in their eyes and as they have no real faith in the Day of Resurrection and its details, they conjure up pretexts to conceal their neglect.
There is another class of people, who, having been convinced either by reason or revelation, affirm that God Almighty is the sole determiner of matters, the cause of all causes, efficacious in the realm of being, there being no limit to His power and influence. On the level of rational belief, they have tawakkul in God; that is the complete grounds of tawakkul have been furnished for them by reason and revelation. Hence they consider themselves as mutawakkil and are able to supply rational proofs in justification of tawakkul, having confirmed rational conviction in all the essential preliminaries of tawakkul, which are: On the basis of these, it is necessary to have trust on the Omniscient, Powerful, unniggardly and Merciful Lord, Who takes care to provide whatever is good for Hsdith creatures and in their interest, Who does not allow them to remain deprived of what is good for them, even though they themselves should be incapable of distinguishing between that which is beneficial or harmful for them.
This group, although they are mutawakkil on the level of rational knowledge, has not yet attained the stage of faith; they are shaky when confronted with the matters of life. The pen of reason has imma all the essentials of tawakkul on the tablet of their heart. It is they who possess the station khoomeini tawakkul. But the members of this group also differ from one another in regard to the level and degree of faith, whose highest degree is contentment itminan at which the most perfect degree of tawakkul appears in their heart.
Thus, it was seen that tawakkul has various stages and degrees, and perhaps the degree of tawakkul referred to in the hadith is the one pertaining to the second group, for it mentions knowledge as its preliminary condition. In the first stage, the wayfarer observes unity in his own self and then in all other beings. The stations of tawakkul, rida, taslim and all the other stations are attainable gradually.
The wayfarer may at first exercise tawakkul in some of his affairs and with respect to hidden and unobservable causes. Then, gradually, his tawakkul becomes general, in that it extends from hidden and inner causes to manifest and observable ones and from his own affairs to that of his relatives and associates.
Let it be known to you that the station of rida is different from the station of tawakkul, being higher and more luminous. This is because whereas the mutawakkil seeks his own good and benefit and entrust his affairs to God considering Him the provider of good, the radi one who has attained the station of rida is one who has annihilated his will in the Divine Will, having no more a separate will of his own.
What he meant nadith the station of rida. For this he mentions certain preliminaries. Umam that tafwid is also different from tawakkul, and so also thiqah is different from these two. That is, tafwid is subtler and more refined than tawakkul, for tawfid, means that the devotee should see no power and capacity in himself and froty he should consider himself ineffectual and regard God as All-effectual.
This is not so in tawakkul, for the mutawakkil makes God his own substitute, one in charge of his affairs, for attaining that which is good and beneficial. Moreover, tawakkul does not occur except after the presence of its cause, that is the matter in regard to which the devotee comes to rely upon God. An example of it is the tawakkul of the Apostle S and his Companions in regard to security from the evil of the idolaters, at the time when they were told:.
Tafwid, however, is mostly antecedent to its referent cause, as indicated by the supplication narrated from the Apostle of God S:.
However, I have fortu about considering tawakkul to be a branch of tafwid, and there is an obvious lack of rigor in regarding tafwid as being the more general of the two. Also, there is no reason to regard tawakkul as being subsequent to the cause, for tawakkul can be both antecedent as well as subsequent. And as to thiqah relianceit is different from tawakkul and tafwid, as the Khwajah says:.
About The Author | Forty Hadith, An Exposition, Second Revised Edition |
Thiqah is the eye of tawakkul, the moving point of the circle of tafwid, and the inmost heart of taslim surrender. That is, the three stations cannot be attained without thiqah. Rather thiqah on God Almighty is the soul of those stations, and the devotee cannot jhomeini them without thiqah. Skip to main content. View this page in our App.
Trust In God Tawakkul. We will now explain this noble tradition in a number of sections: Tawakkul Miam Its Degrees Know, that closely related meanings have been ascribed to tawakkul by the various definitions proposed by different schools, each according to its own approach. Some others have said: Difference Between Tawakkul And Rida Let it be known to you that the station of rida is different from immam station of tawakkul, being higher and more luminous.
An example of it is the tawakkul of the Apostle S and his Companions in regard to khomeink from the evil of the idolaters, at the time when they were told: And as to thiqah relianceit is different from tawakkul and tafwid, as the Khwajah says: Usul al-Kafi Akhundiii,hadith 3.