The Lost Empire of Atlantis: History’s Greatest Mystery Revealed [Gavin Menzies] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. “Tremendous. This guy. Ex-submariner Gavin Menzies attracted global attention with his eye-catching farragos “” and “”, books laying out how he imagined. Given the fevered nature of most works on Atlantis, it is slightly alarming to read this sentence: “In , as captain of the submarine HMS.
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Rowan Gavin Paton Menzies born 14 August  is a British author and retired submarine lieutenant-commander who has written books promoting claims lodt the Chinese sailed to America before Columbus. Historians have rejected Menzies’ theories and assertions       and have categorised his work as pseudohistory.
THE LOST EMPIRE OF ATLANTIS by Gavin Menzies | Kirkus Reviews
He is best known for his controversial book The Year China Discovered the Worldin which he asserts that the fleets of Chinese Admiral Zheng He visited the Americas prior to European explorer Christopher Columbus inand that the same fleet circumnavigated the globe a century before the expedition of Ferdinand Magellan.
Menzies’ second book, In his third book, The Lost Empire of AtlantisMenzies claims that Atlantis did exist, in the form of the Minoan Civilizationand that it maintained a global seaborne empire extending to the shores of America and India, millennia before actual contact in the Age of Discovery. Menzies was born in London, England, and his family moved to China when he was three weeks old.
Menzies claims that the knowledge of the winds, currents, and sea conditions that he gained on this voyage was essential to reconstructing the Chinese voyage that he discusses in his first book. This collision punched a hole in Endurance but did not damage Rorqual. The ensuing enquiry found Menzies and one of his subordinates responsible for a combination of factors that led to the accident, including the absence of the coxswain who usually takes the helm in port who had been replaced by a less experienced crew member, and technical issues with the boat’s telegraph.
Menzies retired the following year, and stood unsuccessfully as an independent candidate in Wolverhampton Empore West during the United Kingdom general electionwhere—standing against Enoch Powell —he called for unrestricted immigration to Great Britain, drawing 0. Gavin Menzies had the idea to write his first gavni after he and his wife Marcella visited the Forbidden City for their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary.
Bonomi contacted the firm Midas Public Relations to convince a thr newspaper to run a promotional article for Menzies’s book. The finished copy of the book was published in as The Year China Discovered the World published as Who could have charted and surveyed these lands before they were ‘discovered’?
In the book, Menzies concludes that only China had the time, money, manpower, and leadership to send such expeditions  and then sets out to prove that the Chinese visited lands unknown in either China ahlantis Europe.
Although the book contains numerous footnotes, references and acknowledgments, critics point out that it lacks supporting references for Chinese voyages kenzies East Africa, the location acknowledged by professional historians as the limit of the fleet’s travels. Menzies claims that knowledge of Zheng He’s discoveries was subsequently lost because the mandarin bureaucrats of the Ming imperial court feared that the costs of further voyages would ruin the Chinese economy.
He conjectures that when the Yongle Emperor died in and the new Hongxi Emperor forbade further expeditions, the mandarins hid or destroyed the records of previous exploration to discourage further voyages.
Mainstream Sinologists and professional historians have universally rejected and the alternative history of Chinese exploration described in it as pseudohistory. Unfortunately, this reckless manner of dealing with evidence is typical ofvitiating all its extraordinary claims: The fundamental assumption of the book—that the Yongle Emperor dispatched the Ming fleets because he had a “grand plan”, a vision of charting the world and creating a maritime empire spanning the oceans—is simply asserted by Menzies without a shred of proof The reasoning of is inexorably circular, its evidence spurious, its research derisory, its borrowings unacknowledged, its citations slipshod, and its assertions preposterous Examination of the book’s central claims reveals they are uniformly without substance.
Tan Ta Sen, president of the International Zheng He Society, has acknowledged the book’s popular appeal as well as its scholarly failings, remarking, “The book is very interesting, but you still need more evidence.
We don’t regard it as an historical book, but as a narrative one. I want to see more proof. But at least Menzies has started something, and people could find more evidence.
The Year China Discovered the Worldis atlanits work of sheer fiction presented as revisionist history. Atlatnis a single document or artifact has been found to support his new claims on the supposed Ming naval expeditions beyond Africa Menzies’ numerous claims and the hundreds of pieces of “evidence” he has assembled have been thoroughly and entirely discredited by historians, maritime experts and oceanographers from China, the U.
Menzies has created a website for his readers to send him any information they can find that might support his hypothesis. Fritze calls the “almost cult-like” manner in which Menzies continues to drum up support for his hypothesis. In Menzies released a second book entitled In it Menzies claims that in Chinese delegations reached Italy and brought books and globes that, to a great extent, launched the Renaissance.
He claims that a letter written in by Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli and found amongst the private papers of Columbus indicates that an earlier Chinese ambassador had direct correspondence with Pope Eugene IV in Rome. Menzies then claims that materials from the Chinese Book of Agriculturethe Nong Shupublished in by the Yuan-dynasty scholar-official Wang Zhen fl. He says two things are almost identical when they are not.
Rivers writes that Menzies contradicts himself by saying elsewhere in his book that Taccola had started his work on his technical sketches inwhen Zheng He’s fleet was still assembled in China, and that the Italian engineer finished his technical sketches in —one year before the purported arrival of the Chinese fleet.
Albrecht Heeffer investigated Menzies’ claim that Regiomontanus based his solution to the Chinese remainder theorem on the Chinese work Mathematical Treatise in Nine Sections from He arrived at the conclusion that the solution method does not depend on this text but on the earlier Sunzi Suanjing as does the treatment of a similar problem by Fibonacci which predates the Mathematical Treatise in Nine Sections.
Furthermore, Regiomontanus could rely on practices with remainder tables from the abacus tradition. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 24 March Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 26 January Nationalism and the Internet”.
Retrieved 10 October Journal of Scholarly Publishing. The Year China Discovered America ed.
Retrieved 23 June Mad as a Mensies or a Visionary? The New York Times. Retrieved 12 March January 26, – Page 2″. Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 28 March Retrieved 2 October The Year China Discovered the World”.
The Asian Review of Books. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.